Work in America
Moe Allen, December 10, 2013
Working in America is more than just a job. In an article by Amitai Etzoioni, “Working at McDonald’s,” the author explains what he thinks is happening to future America through the American youth because they choose to work at McDonald’s. He basically says that it is a waste of time and that it is degrading our country’s advancement by way of our youth workforce. He contends that our youth are settling for lower paying jobs in high school, which spirals them into the low paying job force because they don’t continue their higher educational path. In one manner, I agree with him. Yes, some of our youth are falling behind in the educational realm, but I don’t think that it is because of McDonald’s.
Etzioni states that “these jobs undermine school attendance and involvement, impart few skills that will be useful in later life, and simultaneously skew the values of a teen -agers- especially their ideas about the worth of a dollar.” However, so many youth don’t have the ability to attend college directly out of high school; for these youth they choose a “McDonald’s” to pass the time and help them to reach their goal of attending higher education. There are lots of advantages to working at a low wage job as opposed to having a “lemonade stand.” Unlike your ”lemonade stand,” at McDonald’s you learn the art of working with other people, working for other people, and also having other people work for you; this is a great building block for future entrepreneurs.
Most Americans would like to think that their time spent working anywhere is more than just a job, and that they are not just spinning their wheels “doing something for nothing.” When you work at a job, it is always more than just that. It is always a learning experience whether you realize it at that moment or much later in life. You learn to hone your people skills, which is very productive later in life when you have that employee or employer that just doesn’t know how to communicate properly with their subordinates. It teaches you how to handle certain situations with your workers once you are placed in a managerial position. Just the little things such as being a cashier will teach you the mechanics of accounting and the responsibility of handling currency properly. These few skills are examples of future bankers, accountants and business entrepreneurs.
Working in America is not just a job; it is also a way to help you become a better person, by allowing you to get ahead. American youth can work while still attending high school, and therefore can earn money to save for college tuition, or use the experience as a training program to pursue the American dream of owning and running a business. To work at McDonald’s is not a waste of time nor does it undermine our “American Dream.” I think that our life experiences support our vision for the future.
Dec 12th, 2013
You make a couple of very good points in the argument about work, and specifically working at McDonald’s. I will add to your argument with several more valid points. There are several other valuable skills a teen employed by McDonald’s can learn!
One of the most important skills a teen can learn from working at McDonald’s is a good work ethic. They learn that they have to arrive to the job on time and to complete their tasks in order to get a paycheck. If they fail to show up on time or do not do their job, there are normally consequences. If they perform poorly, the consequences might be the loss of employment. They can also learn that good performance gets them rewarded, normally by a pay raise or a promotion. For good achievers, a pay raise reinforces their good work ethic. Many teens’ first real exposure to reward and consequence is their first job. The exposure can be a foundational lesson that shapes the way they participate in the work force in the future.
Time management skills are another attribute that young adults can learn from jobs like McDonald’s. They must quickly learn to balance the number of hours they work in order to maintain good grades in high school. The ability to prioritize multiple tasks is an important skill that working helps develop. Students that quickly learn the ability to prioritize their responsibilities are more likely to be successful in the long run. Additionally, teens discover, that with a little effort, they can maintain good grades while working and can use that experience in the future.
All workers need to learn foundational work place skills. McDonald’s is as good a place to learn those skills as any other place. A successful member of the work force will build on lessons learned from previous jobs and apply them to their current and future jobs. Young adults should be proud to highlight they have learned those skills by selling that fact on future resumes. Any job is a good job!
Dec 12th, 2013
Although many fast food industries provide teens with decent paying employment, minimal social learning situations, and perhaps even the passage from childhood to adulthood for many, it distracts and dissuades them from their schooling. It may even perhaps deter teens from pursuing an advanced education that can significantly alter an individual’s future.
It is arguable that most teens require a part time or full time job. They need to support themselves and pay for the costs of everyday living, along with the possibility of any substantial expenses for additional schooling, but at what cost? Amitai Etzioni, a notable sociologist, asserts in his excerpt, “Working at McDonalds” that fast food industries “are breeding grounds for robots working for yesterday’s assembly lines, not tomorrow’s high-tech posts.” With the tedious and regulated work, teens are unable to express any ingenuity or personal decision making. This, in turn, creates and allows little room for learning. Once again, however, it may be an obligation for a considerable amount teens, including myself, to be employed during or after high school. They may need to fund their higher education, but fast food employment may not place them at an advantage. Fast food industries often require their employees to work interminable hours along with late closing shifts, which deviates away from valuable and limited time that could be spent focusing on their studies. The inability to grow or obtain any vendible skills, with no emphasis on the importance of education, is also a monumental issue that accompanies fast food employment.
The amount of negative repercussions associated with this field of employment is alarming. It is evident that pursuing a higher education will likely ensure a significant raise in yearly salary. In 2009, a study by The National Center for Education Statistics determined that individuals with a high school education earned a median annual salary of 30,000. In contrast, obtaining a four year bachelor’s degree can significantly increase this figure. The Bureau of Labor Statistic states that in 2011, an individual with a bachelor’s degree had a median Salary of $45,000. Where as a McDonalds crew member only receives a yearly income of $16,000. Nevertheless, if a job is necessary, other areas of employment are better options. Landscaping or serving in a restaurant can provide for a broader social learning atmosphere and the ability to gain career worthy knowledge. These options provide room for expansion, innovation, and personal integrity. Personally, working in a restaurant has taught me how to juggle multiple tasks and handle a variety of ever changing different and laborious situations, whether it be a problem solving opportunity or a disgruntled guest. I am able to maintain my considerable amount of school work to the company’s respect and encouragement revolving my education and further aspirations. In addition, companies similar to my employment, often provide career opportunities for growth, rather than the repetitive duties, suppression, and lack of motivation for self improvement that fast food industries tend to condone. There are better opportunities for employment besides fast food industries, which teens can choose from if it is imperative to that individual to work throughout high school. However, if at all possible, teens should ultimately place schooling as a top priority along with a primary concern with no other distractions or hindrance. Individuals, specifically teens, need to grasp the importance of education and the considerable difference it can make in their lives. Therefore schooling needs to be placed as a top concern for teens, along with what demands their focus, rather than a minimum wage job with no career ladder.
Dec 12th, 2013
It’s no secret that most people aren’t exactly enamored with their jobs. Have we considered why so many people dread returning to work after even a short amount of time off? We’ve even adopted phrases within our culture that reject the concept of work, such as “Thank God it’s Friday!” and “Sounds like someone has a case of the Mondays!” Why is it so many people focus on the negative aspects of their jobs, to the point that it is a chore, rather than a joy? Is it possible that perhaps the problem is not our jobs, but our general attitude towards work, and this constant idea that our jobs could or should be better?
Make no mistake, ambition is not a bad thing. In fact, it is a very good thing. Why else are we in school if not to improve our employment opportunities? Having worked in an extremely competitive field, where unemployment rates can reach well into the 90% range, I can attest to the fact that, without ambition, I wouldn’t have been able to survive emotionally or financially. I can also attest to the fact that, in support of that ambition, I’ve done some jobs that I felt were really, really, awful. Through these jobs, though, I was able to realize the value of work. They provided me with the opportunity to develop my soft skills—things like customer service, workplace etiquette, and proper communication with supervisors and co-workers. These are the skills today’s employers value, oftentimes more than the technical skills and education required by the job.
One way we can rearrange our thinking towards work is to realize that any job, whether it’s skilled or unskilled, is necessary. Otherwise, the job wouldn’t even exist. To ask someone, “Why would you do that job? You know there are better ones out there,” not only demeans their work (which they’re obviously willing to do, even if they don’t necessarily like it) but is also condescending to the worker. Just because a person performs a job that we might not perform ourselves does not mean the job is unnecessary, nor does it automatically mean that the person should try and go find something better.
To constantly be thinking about finding a better job ultimately creates an artificial ideal of what we think work should be. When we idealize something, we are either blind to the possible pitfalls, or we intentionally ignore them altogether. Then, when we see that the reality does not match our fantasy, we keep thinking, “Well, even though this didn’t work out like I thought it would, I know I’ll be happy when . . . .” and the cycle begins again. When we believe happiness only exists in the future, that’s exactly where it will stay.
It is far more important for people to want what they have than to have what they think they want. Perhaps it is time we start looking for things we can appreciate in our current work, rather than focus on an ideal work situation that simply doesn’t exist. If we can start doing that on a day-to-day basis, perhaps that next case of the Mondays won’t seem quite so bad.
Dec 12th, 2013
It is highly doubtable that we work in America just because. There is always a reason behind our labor; whether it is to provide a place to live or food for your family, to pay a car payment or insurance, or to save for an education to have a better future. No matter the circumstances, we work to live. So to say that any job in which we work hard in is miniscule, is somewhat offensive. A job of any sort should be looked at as a stepping stone building on an eventual career or a way of living, not anything less than that.
I strongly dispute Amitai Etzioni and his views on young adults in the work place. Etzioni, who states that, “these jobs undermine school attendance and involvement, impart few skills that will be useful in later life, and simultaneously skew the values of teenagers,” (Etzioni 934) appears to have no experience of the benefits that these jobs he sees as miniscule really have on shaping us young adults in the real world. Based off of my own personal experience: I never let work interfere with my education in any way. If anything it gave me more experience with the real world and the tribulations that I would encounter than school ever did. I was no longer coddled, and was held accountable for my own actions as well as the consequences that came along. If I had any issues in the workplace, like being tardy or having to call in, I was responsible for taking care of those issues on my own, not my parents. Which is clearly something Etzioni was blind to when he made the statement, “There is no father or mother figure with which to identify, to emulate, to provide a role model and guidance.” (Etzioni 936). Not to mention, this is something we all know and agree to when we sign the contract at any type of working environment. In turn, this prepared me for college and life outside of high school where excuses aren’t tolerated. Where, other than within the actual real world, can you learn something like that? Granted, grades K-12 are beneficial in some ways, like learning how to read and write, or understanding complex equations that 90% of us won’t use in our daily lives; they don’t teach you the life skills that you need after graduation. To say that these jobs are detrimental or unfavorable to our future is absurd; simply because they are the exact opposite of that. These jobs prepare us for life outside of high school and give us the skills that we need in our future endeavor whatever they may be.
Dec 12th, 2013
Work - “An Activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a purpose or result.” By going off of this definition, haven’t we all worked at some point in our lives? We work to earn good grades in school, homework. Work to earn things from our parents, housework. We might not get paid in cash, but we get paid in other things such as freedom or praise. When we get older, the reasons why we work for things change. As we age, the responsibilities we obtain being to separate us from our younger selves.
For many teens these days, the priority of making money has surpassed the endeavor for moving on up in the world. A thought for a teenager who has gotten their first job may be, “Now I’m able to buy the things I’ve been wanting.” While for other teenagers who pay bills think, “How will I pay my bills next week?” Work has become less of wanting to better yourself and move on up in the world, and more of “How am I going to make this money?” or “I need to feed my family.” Instead of wanting to perform better for unselfish reasons, many people just do so because of higher pay or praise.
Money makes the world go around. I think this is true. Everyone that’s working is working for that money. We need it. We need to pay our bills, feed our families, and take care of ourselves. Money is the motive to do better. Personally, I think money is the reason why people strive to get higher positions in their careers. People do not care about how their job can better them mentally; they care about the title and the higher pay. People will also find a lazy person to do the work if they need it because that lazy person will find an easier and quicker way to do things.
I think we need to start teaching teenagers about work ethic. How having a good work ethic can better them in everything from school to work. If we teach them that it’s just all about the money, where are they going to go with that situation? Will teaching them that help them, or will it ultimately ruin them, because now a day’s people will do anything for some money? It’s time to change the world’s idea of work for the better.
Dec 12th, 2013
“Working at McDonalds” by Amitai Etzioni is an argument about why teenagers should not work at McDonalds or any other low-grade job, typically in the fast food market. Etzioni claims teenagers do not learn skills besides working a cash register and manning a coffee machine. He also claims there is no parental guidance on the job; thus, claiming the necessity of having a father or mother-like model to imitate in order to achieve ethical working status. However, he is ignorant to the skills learned and how simple skills have everything to do with adult life.
Teenagers learn several traits even at a low-grade job such as McDonalds. Yes, they have to do tedious work, but even completing simple tasks helps the teenager learn patience with tedious work. All jobs have simple and monotonous chores; however, this is a foundation that leads to gaining more complex skills. Traits they do learn, that Etzioni does not mention, include: communicating skills and responsibility. With any job there is a certain amount of marketing required to levy on a consumer. If an employee does not convey a certain degree of empathy, regardless whether or not the consumer is rude, then a customer will most likely not be happy with the company, and the employee could possibly lose their job.
To work anywhere has its responsibilities, such as time management and punctuality. College students build their classes to how they want and schedule work around their life. According to the punctuality of the student determines whether or not a student can keep their job while attending school. Since a college student must learn to break out of their high school routine, a skill easily learned is how to manage time.
A teenager preparing for college cannot expect to have a mother or father figure in their work area. If a parent like figure were to work alongside a student, they would become dependent on the parental figure and would not learn the responsibility of taking care of themselves. The point of getting a job during high school is to prepare for college and the adult life of being self-sufficient. Adults do not “emulate” a person at work because they do not need to. Etzioni discusses the “old” times when children had paper routes and managed lemonade stands; however, they would infrequently have supervision while working these jobs.
I have a difference of opinion about Etzioni’s entire claim about how “school is more important [than work].” Schooling is very important—especially with today’s philosophy of “needing a degree to get a job.” However, just having knowledge without experience significantly decreases the chance of a job in a student’s field of choice.
Every teenager has to start somewhere, and to work in fast food is an ideal first job that does not require experience. In today’s society, jobs in retail and other up-scale businesses do not want high school students since they do not have the experience. With this said, the logical choice for a student is to start work at a fast food restaurant. Skills needed for any other job start with responsibility, communication, and timeliness and those are some of the many skills which can be learned at a simple place such as McDonalds.
Dec 12th, 2013
The work force is constantly changing, especially how we view different jobs and their relevance to our society, something that Etzioni must have forgotten to take into account. People who work in fast food are not generally degree-toting family members; more likely they’re of the younger generation or do not have any other skills. Working at fast food in America is a stigma that is seen as negative and something that can hold you back - something that needs to change.
A strong point towards the fact that Americans view the fast food work force so negatively can easily be seen in the difference in how jobs at McDonalds are viewed in America versus how they’re viewed in Japan. In America having a job at McDonalds means that you’re either young and haven’t had a job or are just not capable of working anywhere else. In contrast, in Japan having a job at McDonalds is considered a career. Not only at McDonalds is it considered a career choice but at many other fast food restaurants such as KFC, Burger King and MOS Burger for example. It’s clear here that our society viewing work at these places as demeaning is not worldly agreed upon and that maybe it’s a stigma that we should look into changing.
Throughout the most recent of generations, the 60’s up to the 2010’s, we’ve seen a decline in interest in working at fast food restaurants. Why do we think this is? At what point did working in the fast food business become something that should be shunned instead of something that should be a part of growing up? Many adults from the age of 35-50 can say that when they were growing up it was considered a good way to make some money while you were in school and somewhat of a rite of passage. In America, unlike Japan for example, a teenager will be made fun and ridiculed for getting into a career that wouldn’t even be considered a career at all. Someone should not be made fun of the career choices they make, and almost all fast food restaurants do offer career plans at their stores that can help you move up within the chain of command, many going on to work at corporate offices for the company when they only started out flipping burgers.
Another thing to understand is that many of the people who work at these fast food restaurants are those that are in desperate need of money or financial security. So while you’re making fun of the older folks that work there, the young that work there, or even the handicapped that work there, understand that you’re not only demeaning the position of the job where YOU go to eat your food, but you are also demeaning their life and their situation. If your job and money were taken from you and you had nothing to fall back, no specific job skills that you can prove outside of a fancy resume, where would you possibly turn?
Dec 12th, 2013
In the essay, “Working at McDonald’s,” author Amitai Etzioni, expressed his strong opinion that working, especially at fast food places like McDonald’s, is substandard for teenagers. Etzioni tells us that based off of studies, two-thirds of juniors and seniors in American high schools work part time jobs mainly at fast food restaurants. He also explains that due to teen-agers workings while in school effects their "school attendance and involvement, impart few skills that will be useful in later life, and simultaneously skew the values of teen-agers -- especially their ideas about the worth of a dollar." "Go back to school", said Amitai Etzioni, but did Etzioni consider those students who don't have a choice because they've assumed the role of an adult at an early age and, unfortunately, their families are unable to afford simple living expenses let alone college? And if a student is able to maintain being a student and having a job, does it really matter where they work?
Poor, low class, teen-age students all over America, especially in unquestionable states, have to get jobs to pay for college in order to get a proper education. These low-income high school graduates have high hopes of becoming a college freshman in the fall but usually fail to show up once the fall semester hits. Shankar Vedantam, NPR's social science corresponded, tells us that many colleges are pushing for low-income students to apply for college, but it hasn't been easy due to certain finances. David Greene, an NPR host, expresses that "poor student’s face many hurdles . . . There's a persistent fear that higher education is predominately serving upper and middle-class kids." If you are born in a middle-class family most likely you are going to college but if you are born into a low-class family the chances are slim.
Many Americans, not just teens, will accept any job willing to hire. Now in days, it is hard for the average American to find work due to America’s recession and debt. On top of that, the high cost of education is getting higher. The State System of Higher Education approved a 3 percent tuition increase for the 2013-14 school year at 14 state owned universities (post-gazette.com) making it extremely harder for low-income families to send their children to college for the proper education they will need for a brighter future. If a teen-ager, coming from a poor family, wants to go to college they, most of the time, have to get a job to be able to afford tuitions. Even if this means working at McDonald's or KFC because to some low class students it's better than not going to college at all.
McDonald’s has more than 37,000 restaurants in over 119 countries making it possible for people all over the world to earn an income even if it’s not much. McDonald’s also provide flexible schedules for students, celebrate diversity and growing by working your way up the ladder towards cooperate opportunities. Nearly 50% of their corporate were restaurant managers and more than 60% of their owner operators started out as crew members.
To some, McDonald’s may not be the best place to work as a teen but like any other job you trade labor for income and there is knowledge to be gained working at fast food restaurants; for instants learning how to deal with people. Kind, mean, rude, loud, patient, aggressive, and so on, dealing with these different types of people will develop strong social skill which is highly needed in any work field. These are some reasons, in ways, why I disagree with Etzioni encouraging students not to work at McDonalds and other similar restaurants. A job is a job and recognition should be giving to those students willing to get a job to get a degree instead of filling sorry themselves because they are less fortunate than others.
Dec 12th, 2013
Although Amitai Etzioni has talked about how teens should not work at McDonald's due to no educational experiences within, he has failed to see how it helps others and not just the ones he sees at the moment. Not all teens take working for granted. There is educational learnings within the job just maybe not something he was going for. From experience, getting a job can help you learn respect for money. Once the money is your own you don’t necessarily just waste it. The value of your own money increases and you realize how hard you had to work for that money. I knew if I wanted to drive to school I had to have money for gas. And to get gas money I had to get a job. I didn't just go out and blow it, I saved it. Maybe not all for gas but maybe for food, or something I have been wanting for a while. Granted, I probably didn't need a job at the time but it helped me get places and I learned from it. There is something else good about getting a job in high school, and I learned this from personal experience. You get a job to earn money right? Who says that all the money earned goes to wants? What about needs? Out of every paycheck I put so much into my savings for college. My friend had to get a job if she wanted to go to college, her parents couldn't afford it. Etzioni believes that it just comes with it and that the teens just party and waste their money but mostly that’s not the case, most save it to go to school. Like he says in his closing, “Go back to school,” for some people that's the only way.
Jul 27th, 2014
Working in America is more than just a job. In May 2014, 145 million people were employed in the U.S. (Gallup.com). Unless you are one of the fortunate few that are independently wealthy, the primary reason Americans work is to eat and pay the bills. Since humans need to work to survive, we might ask ourselves; can the act of working help bring about any happiness or is the work itself its own reward? Some toil countless hours a week because of a passion for the job, which to them makes it all worthwhile. Others work just to make ends meet and use their surplus time to better their lives in meaningful ways. By being a part of the work force you inherit a responsibility to maintain a work ethic; defined by Webster Dictionary as “the belief in the benefit in the importance of work and its ability to strengthening (your) character” and doing the best that you can. With no endeavors to enrich your own life or maybe that of others, working just to survive is an empty way to live. We should be working towards a goal other than just survival. By not working with integrity you’re wasting precious time, possibly your life and the chance at truly being happy.
The job we choose can be its own reward in life. Creating something with your bare hands and own ideas or helping a group of people better their own lives can give you a sense of purpose and fulfillment. Teachers, scientists and social workers, for example, are following a calling and are usually very passionate about their careers. They want to share, educate and inform others while passing down knowledge to the next generation. In other words they have a strong work ethic. The pay for these careers may not afford you all the pleasures of life but you will have a sense of satisfaction that will be remembered by you and others for years to come.
The goal of material gain leads some towards jobs that will afford them the most sought after possessions money can buy. Mostly these high paying career choices involve being good at what you do and some personal sacrifice. Practiced skill and self-improvement are required for star athletes and award winning thespians to be the best in their field if they are to achieve the notoriety or salary they seek.
I consider those that get to combine their passion and a big paycheck fortunate. It is not often that the best paying careers happen to be the same ones you lay awake and dream about as a youngster. Doctors and lawyers are noble professions but require a substantial amount of time investment others might perceive as not worth giving up a part of life to achieve.
Some people, like myself, have chosen to work the marginalized jobs of America so that I have the time to spend raising my children and pursue other things that matter to me. The time we parents save by not pursuing a complicated career is used to enjoy what I feel is more important and worthwhile. Saving for vacations and college funds is much tougher and I can’t always have what I want when I want it, but the sacrifice we parents are making is an investment in the next generation of working Americans. We hope to impart in our children, these future contributors to society, some integrity and responsibility. The value of earned money and a strong work ethic is taught by showing them to do a good job and strive for success at whatever they set out to accomplish. The time spent with family and friends instead of longer hours at a job is invaluable and worth every penny given up in wages.
It was argued to me by a co-worker that “pushing this button (to start my machine) and going home to (nothing but) video games and Facebook is what makes me happy.” Floating through life, with no other purpose than to just be a consumer, is only an excuse for not having the courage to evaluate oneself and make the necessary changes for improvements to be truly happy. Even though they might have a job to just pay the bills, this what Christopher Herz calls, “self-preservation” and “a lack of work ethic that is contributing to the downfall of American industry” (C. Herz The Absence of Action). We become complacent and stop seeking answers and innovation, expecting others to carry the work load.
The point is to work not only because you have to but work for a purpose or towards something grander. As Mike Rowe said, “be in the business of getting it done” and believe in what you do. Whether your reason is because you have a passion for your work, a passion for money and lavish things or a passion for life outside of work, it might take a round or two before you can know what you really want. It’s your choice what form of work will contribute to your happiness. Try different things and enjoy the journey.
Mar 10th, 2015
After I read “Working for McDonald’s” by Amitai Etzoioni, I found myself very perplexed. Was McDonalds actually harmful for high school aged children? Are more teens likely to drop out of school? Do these children in fact have more ease of access to drugs? Did the youths portrayed really suffer academically and socially because they chose to work? Initially I thought this was absurd, so I took my questions to social media. The responses shocked me.
I went online with a very simple series of questions; as a high school student did you work at McDonalds? Did you graduate? Once these questions were answered, I sent the remaining questions. Were your grades impacted by working? What was your final GPA? Were drugs easier to come across? Did you miss any mile stone events due to work? Did you take any long term lessons from McDonalds that you still use today? It was a unison answer across the board. Nobody who had initially started working at McDonald’s at ages fifteen and sixteen completed high school. Many followed dropping out of school and continuing to work with stays at the local prisons and jails. The highest grade point average response I received was a miniscule 2.2. When asked about drugs, it was with even more surprise to find that not only did these teens acquire drug connections through work, but alas, they were dealing themselves. “I did not go to my prom or date during high school because I worked.” Tiffany Baker stated when asked if she had missed milestones. “I missed every homecoming dance until I dropped out of school.” Angela Griswold says. Sadly, with the exception of customer service not a single person had any experience that they found useful for current day working.
Getting this kind of response, I wondered if it was just McDonalds that were tainting our youth. So I took yet another survey. This time asking for anyone who worked for any company during high school to contact me rather or not they had graduated. Barbara Young stated “At age sixteen I started working as a hotel house keeper. I worked full time in the evenings while attending school. At eighteen I was given a raise following my graduation and a promotion. My GPA never slipped.” Angelina Young says “Working for the Red Lion full time as a student, I kept good grades, and graduated a year early.” Getting this kind of response, I asked both women if they had any experience that remained with them through the years. Both women admitted they had learned a lot in customer relations but did not take many life lessons with them. Is it that some people can handle the stress of working and going to school? Or do some jobs provide a better structure for students to excel?
It seems to go without saying that the individuals who had worked for McDonalds may not have received the structured environment they needed to become successful. Perhaps these people lacked the drive to begin with, thus leading them to drop out of school.
“You don’t have to achieve upper-level management status to reap the rewards. When you’re a part of our restaurant crew, you’ll enjoy a competitive wage, a schedule that fits your needs, a team that’s there to support you in every way, and a workplace that’s close to wherever you need to be. It’s a great way to earn extra income for anyone, from students to moms and dads.” With an endorsement like this, why would a student want to go to school and not get paid? McDonald’s does offer benefits to their employees that are not offered to folks who net three times the amount at another job. Minimum wage and benefits never looked so go. McDonald’s website them proceeds by announcing they offer free or discounted meals to employees. For a teenager, fast food is often a staple of life. This is especially true for students who work were food is supplied to them. As a drop out, it is not hard to see the perks. If I go to work full time, make minimum wage that will pay my rent. I do not have to pay for food, as my work supplies it. It seems to be what a person would need to survive. An unhealthy, poverty stricken survival is provided, but survival none the less.
This is an outrage. I do believe that McDonalds is tainting our youth. If children studied while they were young, and worried less about the stresses that should only be plaguing adults, they would be more enamored with the idea of working. So many young adults are so concerned with moving out of their parents’ house, that the realization of a lack of education is null and void. Freedom from rules and the mighty dollar drive more students to drop out of high school than teen pregnancy. This was the case for me as well. It was not until I was in my mid-twenties that I returned to complete my educational goals.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics basically states that in the field of Business Law, I will need to implore high levels of organization. My educational expectations are incredibly high. There will be much to do with customer/client relations. Information that is divulged to me will be handled with complete confidence. These traits and skills are not something that a person working for McDonald's would learn. These traits and responsibilities come with a lot of hard work and dedication with a firm structure. McDonald’s fails to offer that structure.
Mar 13th, 2015
Physical Therapist lowers the risk of prescription painkiller addiction.
Successful pain management and the need to address functional problems can be accomplished through a variety of techniques, some safer than others. To provide instant relief physicians often prescribe painkillers. OTC over the counter oral medications like acetaminophen and NSAID's non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed mild to moderate pain. Stronger medications are prescribed for chronic or severe pain, thereby increasing the possibility of serious side effects and opportunity for misuse and death. Addiction to prescription painkillers has forced physicians to look for safer but still efficient resources. This demand has caused physicians to introduce physical therapy as a dependable alternative while still combating the symptoms effectively.
Physical Therapist also called PT's represent an efficient branch of rehabilitative medicine. In my opinion, PT's offer a safer alternative to prescription painkillers in almost any situation. PT's require a bachelor's degree followed by a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree (DPT) and must pass the National Physical Therapy Examination administered by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy. State licensing and clinical residency program a year, or longer are required. Maintaining an active license requires continued education (Occupational Outlook Handbook). So while PT's are not doctors, they are well equipped to help patients recover from injuries or illness. PT's design treatment programs to accelerate recovery, resulting the abatement or elimination of associated pain or discomfort. The American Physical Therapy Association stated physical therapist's goal is to "Improve mobility, restore function, reduce pain, and prevent further injury." Instructing self-care and manually assisting movements increase effectiveness, improving range of motion, lessen pressure placed on the nerves by stretching muscles and ligaments. Proper exercise therapy is safe for newborns to seniors and aids the speed of recovery. Increasing blood flow, allowing nutrients in, removing toxins, and improving the overall nourishment of the muscles and soft tissue.
Prescription painkillers are effective in controlling minor to severe or chronic pain. Painkillers can be an excellent alternative to surgery. They work by attaching to receptors in the brain to decrease the perception of pain. Allowing patients to have the relief they so desperately desire. Strong painkillers are necessary for patients suffering from more severe injuries or illness. Cancer, spinal cord injury, if a patients mobility is difficult or impossible, or physicians can't find the source of the pain are situations I believe the use of strong medications is required. As a stand-alone treatment or as a supplement to painkillers, PT's can provide pain management. PT's are effective in exercise therapy that aids the minimization of pain through the discharge of endorphins such as dopamine. Our bodies use endorphins as a natural painkiller. Endorphins lock onto the cells called opioid receptors and block the transmission of pain signals. Common triggers for endorphins are pain, sex, and foods like chocolate or chili peppers.
Some people are more likely to abuse painkillers than others. Family history, past or present addictions, certain pre-existing psychiatric disorders may make someone more susceptible to addiction. The National Institute on Drug Abuse Director Nora Volkow stated, "Seven percent (7%) of patients who are prescribed painkillers to treat chronic pain will become addicted." Addiction can start after one week of consumption regardless of age, race, or gender (NIDA). Nonetheless, many painkiller prescriptions often extend past a week, months, or even longer; chronic pain sufferers can remain on prescription painkillers for years or the remainder of their lifetimes. Prolonged use creates dangerous withdrawal symptoms increasing tolerance and dependence. Tolerance will continue building as long as the medications taken. Doctors must monitor and adjust dosages in order to reduce potential dependence and side effects, usually before the recovery process is complete. The University of Florida Chronic Pain and Addiction Specialist Gary Reisfield, MD says, "Addiction means the individual has lost control over the use of the drug. They're using it compulsively, there are consequences to using the drug, and they continue to use it anyway."
PT's help’s enhance recovery and minimizing pain without the addition of medication. Physical Therapist can't provide the instant relief that pain medication can and Physical Therapy will only be effective if the patient is willing to put in the work and maintains the exercises required for recovery. Physical Therapy isn't for everyone and every situation; it won't be the magic answer to guarantee someone won't become addicted to prescription painkillers. Physical Therapy can guarantee it is one of the only safe alternatives for patients who may currently suffer or have had past substance abuse issues. A Physical Therapist will lower the probability of addiction for those more susceptible to addiction. Successful pain management, addressing functional problems can best be accomplished through physical therapy. Physical Therapist help with the transition off painkillers and address the potential dangerous side effects threw exercise therapy.
Mar 19th, 2015
I believe that a majority of our society is begging for convenience. Amitai Etzioni foundation for writing “Working at McDonalds” is secure with the suggestion that by allowing our children to work at said places, allows for an earlier choice of settlement or perseverance. Today, it is my opinion that a great number of children are left without support or encouragement to push themselves to be the best they can be. Leaving these children to opt for easy cash and a comfortable challenge free life. I agree with your argument that there are great benefits to working at these places but I ask you, without the voice of hope behind these learning experiences, do the experiences become void? I also comply with Etzioni that most children do fall into the ease of lower paying jobs if lower paying jobs, is what they start out with!
Having owned a family business I have lived in both worlds of ease and hard work. As a teenager I worked at a fast food job to earn fast cash. I learned grilling, counting money and customer service. Customer Service is the only “skill” I carried away and still use today. When we opened our doors for our family business, it was door to door knocking for months, cold calling, late nights, early morning, managing children and work and so on. I believe Etzioni is correct in comparing MacDonald’s to a Lemonade stand. They are both consider work but to me, you learn more lifelong “skills” with the lemonade stand. Having said all this, I must say I agree that working at McDonalds in no way undermines the American Dream. I would just hope that more children push out of the “easy money” mindset and apply there brilliance!
Mar 22nd, 2015
People work because of the necessity of bringing in an income to support themselves and their families. Everyone at one time or another has felt unhappy with their jobs and dream of living a life without the need to work. However, the focus should not so much be about the funds that come from employment, but rather the rewards of doing something you are passionate about to provide happiness in life.
Those who do not work or choose to not work, may find life less rewarding as they will not have the opportunity to improve their skills, knowledge or intelligence. There are also those who lack education and must work at whatever is available to keep the finances coming in. Many work for different reasons. One reason to work may be to fulfill their responsibilities in society and family, avoid wastefulness and to keep their minds active. There are certainly some obvious advantages to being employed, which may include the following. One sure reason for working is financial independence; you receive money and you can spend it however you please. Financial security comes from receiving a paycheck at regular intervals, which can make you feel financially secure. Medical benefits are provided by some employers and allow employees to utilize sick leave so that if needed, they can take time off to go to the doctor or stay home if ill. Professional growth and adding to your knowledge can help you reach places in the workplace and move up in the company. I think the most common reason for individuals to work and have jobs is to obtain vast knowledge, make money and to enjoy the nice things in life. The effort of improving various skills on the job can increase an individual’s income. The positives of effort can enhance their skill and knowledge to solve problems and overcome difficulties in the workplace.
There is a fine line with some that are too driven, who work too many hours and forget about what is important in life such as their families and building personal relationships with others. It is important to realize the value of things and to not become wasteful. Again, balancing money and personal activities can improve the lives of the worker and their family. Contributing to our society also teaches the value of labor, owning property and the importance of frugality with the economy and the environment.
In conclusion, although working can be difficult, it can still be rewarding. Working and establishing a career, helps us to remain healthy and live a satisfying life.
Karen Ahumada Villanueva
Mar 27th, 2015
I completely agree with your take and would like to share my story, of course not every experience is the same but mine has definitely changed my life. My college education is not only supported but being paid by my employer.
A successful fast food company which I work for is changing the way people think about fast food by creating a special people culture. This restaurant employs thousands of people, many whom are students. “Working at McDonald’s,” by Amitai Etzioni, implies that fast food jobs for many students and teens are all the same. Etzioni says they “impart few skills that will be useful in later life and simultaneously skew the values of teen-agers.” He attempts to prove that students work long hours, interfering with school, referencing outdated studies. This restaurant challenges Etzioni’s claims by providing opportunities, teaching self-discipline, supervision and time management.
Etzioni argues that these fast food jobs are routine, lack mentors and do not provide lessons worth learning. The restaurant I work for focuses on empowering its employees rather than creating routines. The training varies from one restaurant to another but the end goal is the same. To make employees feel believed in, cared for and trusted such that they in turn are empowered to make important decisions. It is usual for a crew member to arrive at work be challenged by given the task of creating a plan to complete jobs. Mistakes are often made; the company makes it clear that mistakes are a part of learning, as long as employees learn from them. Although, the company encourages their employees to be empowered, there is always an authority figure present. Managers are trained to teach, coach and support crew members. General Managers (GM) often take on the role of father or mother figure. During one-on-one conversations the GM takes time to talk to their employees. They get to know the crew on a personal level. Students and teens in turn feel supported and heard, in many cases guided. These young adults look up to their managers as role models and learn many valuable lessons.
Etzioni also claims that students work long hours, skewing their values, prioritizing work over school. He fails to mention that there are laws to prevent this from happening, especially for teens. According to the U.S Department of labor 15 year olds can work no more than 3 hours on school days, no more than 8 hours on weekends and no more than 18 hours while school is in session. This prevents dishonest companies from overworking students and maintains the focus on school. A parent can step in if these laws are not being abided by. The website contains a section in which anyone can report abuse. Without the challenge of work and school it would be difficult for these teens to smoothly transition into adulthood. Due to the rising cost of college more students are forced to work while attending school. Working in fast food, in a healthy, encouraging, supportive environment can ease the transition. At this restaurant the relationship between a student and GM is often close, allowing them to plan ahead and schedule according to the student’s needs. This relationship is also helpful in providing other opportunities.
Opportunity, discipline and learning time management are obtainable through opportunities provided in the restaurants. An astounding 97 percent of General Managers are promoted from within the company. Helping customers on the line is where many start and work their way up by working with a mentor. A kitchen manager is taught to serve safe and delicious food, lead the back of the house, take inventory, place food orders and manage food cost. During the training outside accountability is the norm. Self-discipline emerges after a substantial amount of time in training. Time management in such a fast pace environment is crucial. Crew members and managers quickly learn to complete tasks quickly. Whether a crew member decides to move up in the company or continue their education, they challenges them to develop self-supervision. In their job they must complete several tasks, organization and time management is essential to success. There cannot always be someone present to supervise therefore they must hold themselves accountable. This skill can be applied to their studies, managing their schedules, deadlines and classes along with their job. Fast food, especially Chipotle, can provide its employees, which majority are students, with valuable skills.
Claiming that fast food, “skew the values of teen-agers” is unfounded. Fast food jobs, are not all the same, there are some that lack opportunity, potential for growth and undermine education, but Chipotle is doing well by not falling in that category. Many employees have worked their way up to management learning through experience. Others take advantage of the tuition reimbursement offered by Chipotle. I see many Chipotle employees undertake the challenge of working and attending school. Along with GMs that support them in their journey. They reinforces that education is important, and creates encouraging circumstances to increase success. There are many part time students that control their schedule. It is a culture which supports its employees.
Chipotle is changing the way people think about fast food. The vision of the company is to create a special people culture providing a diverse work environment. Students obtain a great work ethic through the opportunities given. Training, validating and teaching are part of day to day operations. Fast food jobs, unlike Etzioni claims, are not bad for students. Many provide them with great role models and life lessons, educating them beyond what’s taught in textbooks. Many may argue that this is impossible, but there are companies, people and teams that instill the right values. Education is important, just because the industry is fast food, should not imply that the lessons learned are not useful.
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