General Reference

Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

Acronym Finder
http://www.acronymfinder.com
Created by information technology consultant Mike Molloy. Contains almost 500,000 definitions for abbreviations and acronyms about computers, technology, telecommunications, and the military.

Dictionary.com
http://www.dictionary.com
Produced by Lexico Publishing Group, LLC. Provides a multi-source dictionary search service that draws from 11 dictionaries and reference resources.

Information Please
http://www.infoplease.com/index.html
Published by the Information Please Almanac. Provides a searchable database with subject index covering a wide variety of topics. Also contains information from the latest editions of A&E Entertainment AlmanacESPN Information Please Almanac, the Random House Webster's College Dictionary, and the Columbia Encyclopedia.

Wikipedia
http://www.wikipedia.com
Sponsored by the not-for-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Contains over 1 million articles in English, as well as articles in other languages. Articles are contributed by volunteers and content is not controlled, so you must evaluate each article for reliability.

Bibliographic Format / Citation Assistance

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/
The Purdue Owl offers over 200 free resources including style, writing,  grammar and research guides.

College of DuPAGE Library Citing Sources Page
http://www.cod.edu/library/research/citenet.htm
Features examples of MLA and APA format and a special program used to create your own citation, "NOODLEBIB"

History

Chronology of U.S. History Documents
http://www.law.ou.edu/ushistory/index.shtml
Published by the College of Law at the University of Oklahoma. Provides full-text of significant documents in United States History, such as Magna Carta and the Constitution of the United States. Document coverage spans from 1215 through 1998.

Science

Science.gov
http://www.science.gov/
A portal to information provided by 16 scientific and technical organizations from 12 U.S. federal agencies. You can search by keyword, general topic, and specific agency.

Religion

The Religious Movements Page
http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/profiles/listalpha.htm
Created by religion students at the University of Virginia. Contains profiles on more than two hundred groups, as well as providing links to Websites and bibliographies for each group.

Quotations

Columbia World of Quotations
http://www.bartleby.com/66/
Online reproduction of 1996 edition. Contains 65,000 entries from more than 5,000 authors and speakers. Search by keyword or browse the author index.

Familiar Quotations by John Bartlett
http://www.bartleby.com/100/
Online reproduction of John Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. Contains over 11,000 quotations from before 1920. Search by keyword or browse the author index.

Biography

General

Biography.com
http://www.biography.com
Published by the Arts & Entertainment television network. Includes the searchable text of 15,000 entries from the Cambridge Biographical Encyclopedia.

The Arts

Artists’ Biographies
http://www.artnet.com/library/BiosGrove.asp?LETTER=A
Published by the ArtNet corporation. Most entries drawn from Grove Dictionary of Art.

Classical Net Composer Master Index
http://www.classical.net/music/mstrindx.html
Created and maintained by Dave Lampson. Continually updated. Contains several hundred biographies and/or links to biographies of classical composers.

Poets.org
http://www.poets.org/page.php/prmID/58
Published by the Academy of American Poets. Contains some 500 biographies of poets from around the world.

UbuWeb.com
http://www.UbuWeb.com
Digital repository of experimental and avant garde arts.

Politics

First Ladies’ Gallery
http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/
Published by the White House. Entries are drawn from the book, The First Ladies,
by Klapthor and Black, published by the White House Historical Association.

The Political Graveyard
http://politicalgraveyard.com/
Created and maintained by Lawrence Kestenbaum, Washtenaw County, MI, Clerk and Register of Deeds. Contains biographies of almost 150,000 American politicians, living and dead.

The Presidents of the United States
http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/
Published by the White House. Entries are drawn from the book, The Presidents of the United States of America, by Freidel and Sidey, published by the White House Historical Association.

Science

Changing the Face of Medicine: Celebrating America’s Women Physicians
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/changingthefaceofmedicine/index.html
An online exhibit from the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Contains profiles and photos of more than 400 American women who have influenced the practice of medicine.

The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences
http://webfiles.uci.edu/mcbrown/display/faces.html
Created by Mitchell C. Brown, Research Librarian, UC Irvine. Contains approximately 200 entries that include biographical information and bibliographies for each scientist.

National Inventors Hall of Fame
http://www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/1_0_0_hall_of_fame.asp
Published by the National Inventors Hall of Fame Museum in Akron, OH. Contains biographies of over 200 individuals whose patented inventions, life-saving tools, labor-saving devices, and technological innovations have influenced American society.

People and Discoveries
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/index.html
Published by the Public Broadcasting System. Contains 120 entries about 20th century scientists. Organized by name and by scientific field.

Special Populations

Black History: Biographies  
http://www.gale.com/free_resources/bhm/bio/index.htm
Published by the Thomson Gale co. Contains about 70 biographies of well-known African-American figures, with an emphasis on the 20th century.

Distinguished Women of Past and Present
http://www.distinguishedwomen.com/
Compiled by Danuta Bois. Contains over 1,000 entries drawn from various sources. Organized by name and subject/field of interest.

Hispanic Heritage: Biographies
http://www.galegroup.com/free_resources/chh/bio/
Published by the Thompson Gale co. Contains 50 biographies of well-known Hispanic figures, with an emphasis on the 20th century.

Business & Finance

 General Business

BizLink
http://www.bizlink.org/
Published by the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg Counties, NC. Provides links to sites on personal finance, company and industry research, international business, patents and trademarks, career information, taxes, and starting a business.

Colorado

CO Office of Economic Development and International Trade
http://www.state.co.us/oed/index.cfm
Provides information on locating specific types of businesses and on starting a business in Colorado.

Financial Aid

FinAid
http://www.finaid.org/
Created by Mark Kantrowitz, a financial aid and college planning author. Offers free information, advice, and tools for students seeking financial aid.

Grant Seeking

Foundation Center
http://foundationcenter.org/
Published by the not-for-profit Foundation Center. Requires free registration. Provides information on locating funders, creating proposals, and starting a nonprofit organization.

Taxes

Internal Revenue Service
http://www.irs.gov/
Published by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Allows you to file federal taxes online or download federal tax forms and publications, as well as check on status of tax refunds.

Colorado E-File
http://www.revenue.state.co.us/tps_dir/wrap.asp?incl=electronicfiling
Published by the CO Department of Revenue. Allows you to file Colorado state taxes online or download Colorado tax forms. Also provides answers to frequently asked tax-related questions.

Colorado & El Paso County

Government

Colorado.gov
http://www.colorado.gov/
Official homepage of the State of Colorado. Provides information on government services, education, recreation, employment, and Colorado history.

City of Colorado Springs
http://www.springsgov.com/
Official homepage of the City of Colorado Springs. Provides information on government services, education, recreation, employment, business opportunities, and events in Colorado Springs and El Paso County, CO.

El Paso County, CO
http://www.elpasoco.com/
Official homepage of El Paso County. Find voting procedures, car registration & licensing information, vital records, as well as links to the Sheriff’s Office, the Department of Human Services, and more.

State Agency Databases
http://wikis.ala.org/godort/index.php/State_Agency_Databases/
A wiki (collaborative website) of state agencies that aspires to link to all publicly accessible state agency databases.

Arts & Recreation

ColoradoArts.net
http://www.coloradoarts.net
Created by Vincent Vin. Provides over 1,000 links to fine- and performing-arts-related Websites from along the Front Range.

Colorado Wyoming Association of Museums
http://www.cwamit.org/
Published by Colorado Wyoming Association of Museums. Provides phone numbers and links to homepages of museums and places of interest throughout the two states.

Colorado State Parks
http://parks.state.co.us/
Published by Colorado State Parks. Provides information about parks and camp sites, as well as a trail finder and a calendar of events.

Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Services
http://www.springsgov.com/SectionIndex.asp?SectionID=6
Published by the City of Colorado Springs. Includes descriptions and maps of area open spaces and dog parks, trail listings, rock climbing regulations, and adult & youth sports schedules.

Maps

Maps of Colorado
http://www.state.co.us/maps/
Published by the State of Colorado. Provides travel maps, street maps, parks maps, and judicial & legislative maps.

Maps and Geospatial Information
http://gis.springsgov.com/
Published by the City of Colorado Springs. Contains both static and interactive maps in the following areas: city planning, crime, fire dept. locations, parks and open spaces, golf courses, airport, council districts, and transportation.

Mountain Metropolitan Transit
http://www.springsgov.com/SectionIndex.asp?SectionID=19
Provides schedules, maps, and ticket purchasing information for Colorado Springs bus service and the Front Range Express.

Newspapers

The Denver Post
http://www.denverpost.com

The Gazette (Colorado Springs)
http://www.gazette.com

The Colorado Springs Independent Newsweekly
http://www.csindy.com

Ecology & Natural Resources

Colorado

CSU Cooperative Extension
http://www.ext.colostate.edu/
Published by Colorado State University. Provides information on agriculture, horticulture, and natural resources in the state of Colorado. Also focuses on specific topics, such as drought & fire, summertime food safety, Bird Flu, and more.

The United States

EPA
http://www.epa.gov/epahome/topics.html
Homepage of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Provides information on air and water quality, ecosystems, pollution control, conservation, and other environmental topics.

National Park Service Nature and Science
http://www2.nature.nps.gov/
Published by the U.S. National Park Service. Provides information on plants, birds, wildlife, air quality, geology, global conservation, and other environmental topics.

NOAA
http://www.noaa.gov/
Homepage of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Contains information on weather, climate, oceans & estuaries, fisheries, and air quality, as well as real-time satellite imagery from around the globe.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
http://www.fws.gov/
Contains information on endangered plants and animals, invasive species, fisheries and wildlife habitat, and environmental conservation.

USGS Science Topics
http://www.usgs.gov/science/
Published by the U.S. Geological Survey. Provides information on plants, animals, water, climate, the atmosphere, natural hazards, and other environmental topics.

The World

UNESCO Natural Sciences
http://www.unesco.org/science/
Published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Among areas addressed are: fresh water, biodiversity & ecology, oceans, coasts & small islands, natural disaster reduction, renewable resources of energy, and science policy & sustainable development.

World Wildlife Fund
http://www.worldwildlife.org/
Homepage of the not-for-profit conservation organization that operates in over 100 countries worldwide. Offers information on all aspects of environmental conservation, with a special emphasis on endangered species.

Geography & International Affairs

Countries

Background Notes
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/
Published by the U.S. Department of State. Contains country profiles that include facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, economy, and foreign relations. Covers independent states, some dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty.

Peace Corp
http://www.peacecorps.gov
An agency of the federal government devoted to world peace and friendship. Traces its roots and mission to 1960, when then Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries.

Portals to the World
http://www.loc.gov/rr/international/portals.html
Published by the U.S. Library of Congress. Provides access to in-depth information about the nations and other areas of the world. Includes links to LoC online exhibits highlighting the specific locale, when available.

The World Factbook
http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
Published by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Provides information on the location, climate, government, demographics, economics, and military capability of all U.S.-recognized countries and territories. Includes some 300 full-color maps and illustrations of flags.

Maps

MapMachine
http://plasma.nationalgeographic.com/mapmachine/
Published by National Geographic. An online atlas offering world maps, satellite images, U.S. street maps, and specialty maps covering weather, natural disasters, farming, natural resources, population data, and more.

UN Cartographic Section
http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/english/htmain.htm
Published by the United Nations. Provides over 100 general maps, plus current deployment maps of worldwide peacekeeping operations.

How Far Is It?
http://www.indo.com/distance/index.html
Published by Indo.com, an Internet travel and technology company. Allows you to calculate the distance between cities around the world.

United States

InfoUSA: Geography and Travel
http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/travel/travover.htm
Published by the U.S. Department of State. Includes an outline of American geography, information about each of the U.S. states and territories, links to national parks and special sites, links to U.S. and state maps, and visa information.

UM Weather
http://cirrus.sprl.umich.edu/wxnet/
Published by the Dept. of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences of the University of Michigan. Provides access to forecasts, images, and weather links. Focus is on North America, but “Fast Forecast” does permit searching by country.

Government


State

State and Territorial Governments
http://www.lib.purdue.edu/govdocs/state.html
Published by Purdue University Libraries. Provides links to official homepages of U.S. states and territories.

Colorado.gov
http://www.colorado.gov/
Official homepage of the State of Colorado. Provides information on government services, education, recreation, employment, and Colorado history.

Federal

Ben’s Guide to U.S. Government
http://bensguide.gpo.gov/9-12/index.html
Published by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO). Provides the official online version of legislative and regulatory information. Intended for young people, but appropriate and useful for all of us.

FirstGov
http://www.firstgov.gov/
Provides a search engine and an ‘ever-growing’ collection of links to Websites from the federal government, local and tribal governments, and governments of foreign nations.

Google U.S. Government Search
http://www.google.com/ig/usgov
One of the Google™ search engines. Allows you to search specifically for government-hosted web pages (.gov and .mil).

The White House
http://www.whitehouse.gov/
Official homepage of the White House. Contains news releases and information about current issues, full-text of presidential speeches, and information about current members of the cabinet, as well as biographies of the U.S. presidents & first ladies and historical information about the White House.

Write Your Representative
http://www.house.gov/writerep/
Published by the U.S. House of Representatives. Enables you to identify your Congressperson and provides contact information.

Zip Code Look-up
http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/welcome.jsp
Provided by the U.S. Postal Service. Look for zip codes by address or city, or find all cities located within a specific zip code.

Health & Medicine


General Consumer Health

CDC
http://www.cdc.gov/
Official homepage of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Includes current medical news, information for people traveling abroad, an index of general health and safety topics, and a wide variety of health-related data and statistics.

FamilyDoctor.org
http://familydoctor.org/
Published by the American Academy of Family Physicians. Includes sections on health conditions, healthy living, women’s health, men’s health, kids’ health, and senior health. You’ll also find the following tools: a medical dictionary, a BMI calculator, drug info, and evaluations of other health-related Websites.

MedlinePlus®
http://www.medlineplus.gov/
Published by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Contains a vast index of health topics, as well as current health news, drug information (provided by MedMaster and the USP DI), a medical encyclopedia, and a medical dictionary.

Mental Health

Internet Mental Health
http://www.mentalhealth.com/
Created and maintained by psychiatrist Phillip Long, MD. Contains information on mental disorders, their diagnosis and treatment, as well as on specific medications. Also includes discussion lists, full-text articles from outside sources, and links to relevant Websites.

PsychCentral
http://psychcentral.com/
Created and maintained by psychologist John Grohol, PsyD. Contains information on mental disorders, their diagnosis and treatment, as well as on specific medications Also includes discussion lists, current medical news, and an annotated list of related Web links.

Food & Nutrition

U.S. Food and Drug Administration
http://www.fda.gov/
Contains news and information on products FDA regulates—e.g., food, drugs, medical devices, cosmetics—as well as on such ‘hot topics’ as: weight loss, ‘flu, cell phone use, bioterrorism, tattoos, and imported drugs.

Food and Nutrition Information Center
http://riley.nal.usda.gov/nal_display/index.php?tax_level=1&info_center=4
Published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Includes an index of health topics, as well as information on food composition, dietary guidelines, supplements, food safety, and children’s nutrition.

Nutrition Source
http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/
Published by the Department of Nutrition at the Harvard School of Public Health. Provides information on diet and nutrition, answers to frequently asked questions, and current nutrition-related news.

Special Populations

Kid’sHealth®
http://www.kidshealth.org/
Published by the not-for-profit Nemours Foundation. Contains sections for parents, kids, and teens on such topics as pregnancy and parenting, general health, emotions and behavior, growth and development, nutrition, fitness, and safety.

NIH SeniorHealth
http://nihseniorhealth.gov/listoftopics.html
Published by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Contains information on aging-related health topics in a senior-friendly format. Special features of the site include large print, easy navigation, and a ‘talking’ function that allows you to listen to the information as you read (or instead of reading).

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

NCCAM
http://nccam.nih.gov/
Home page of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, one of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Provides information about alternative therapies and current research in the field. Health topics are searchable by condition or disease, and by specific treatment method.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine
http://www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtIH/WS/8513/8513.html
Sponsored by AetnaIntelihealth® in collaboration with Harvard Medical School. Provides information on herbal remedies & supplements, as well as on alternative therapies & modalities.

Quackwatch
http://www.quackwatch.org/
Operated by Stephen Barrett, MD. Provides information intended to educate healthcare consumers about health fraud and bogus science. Offers critical commentary on questionable products, services, and theories. 

Law

Colorado Law

Colorado Judicial Branch
http://www.courts.state.co.us/
Provides information on the Colorado Supreme Court, the Colorado Court of Appeals, and district & county courts. Includes a self-help center that offers consumers information about Colorado Rules & Laws, case filing requirements, and available services in Colorado, as well as links to forms and instructions.

Legal Assistance Handout
http://www.ppld.org/AboutYourLibrary/Services/LawLibrary/LegalAidHandout.pdf
Provided by the Pikes Peak Library District. Lists free/low-cost legal services and resources available to low-income and special-needs individuals.

U.S. Law

Legal Information Institute
http://www.law.cornell.edu/
Published by the Law School at Cornell University. Contains links to the U.S. Code, Supreme Court decisions, state laws, and Wex—a collaboratively-created, public-access law dictionary and encyclopedia.

International Law

Global Legal Information Network
http://www.glin.gov/
Published by the U.S. Library of Congress. Offers full-text of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.

Libraries

Local

Colorado College Library
http://www.coloradocollege.edu/library/index.php/

Colorado State Archives
http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/

Colorado State Library
http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdelib/ForThePublic.htm

Pikes Peak Library District (public library)
http://www.ppld.org/

UCCS Library
http://www.uccs.edu/~library/

National

U.S. Library of Congress
http://www.loc.gov/index.html
The largest library in the world, LoC serves as the research arm of the U.S. Congress. Website provides access to millions of records, including the Library’s entire card catalog; THOMAS, a congressional database; etc.